What is Eczema?
Eczema can refer to many skin conditions, all of which are characterized by dry and itchy skin. About 10 percent of Americans have some form of eczema, which is over 30 million people. Itchy, inflamed, and irritated skin accompanied by a red rash is common on the face, behind the knees, inside the elbows, and on the hands and feet, especially in children. Scratching makes skin worse, it becomes raw, sensitive, and swollen.
Doctors believe eczema is caused by an overreaction of immune cells in the skin. Little things like soap, pollen, and pet dander can trigger inflammation, an “unnecessary” immune response. There is no cure for eczema. Many use steroids to control symptoms but they have side effects and don’t work for everyone.
What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is also a skin condition. It’s a chronic autoimmune disease which causes inflammation and skin cells to be produced too quickly. Basically, new skin cells reach the surface of the skin before they’re ready because they’re produced so rapidly. This buildup of “immature” skin cells forms raised patches that appear silver and scaly. It’s an itchy and painful condition that also causes inflammation, redness, swelling, and discomfort.
Psoriasis also puts people at higher risk for developing psoriatic arthritis and mental health issues. In fact, up to 30 percent of those with psoriasis will also get psoriatic arthritis. What’s more , pain, fatigue, and sleeplessness are common related symptoms, which contribute to mental health issues. A 2010 study found that people with psoriasis are 39 percent more likely to be depressed and 31 percent more likely to have anxiety than people without the skin condition.